History of pharmacy: In India, formal pharmacy education leads to a degree with the introduction of a 3-years bachelor of pharmacy degree at “Banaras Hindu University in 1937 and 1944 at Punjab University, Lahore (now in Pakistan).
Formal training of the compounders was started in 1881 in Bengal, as like pharmacy profession entered India.
“Mahadeva lal Schroff” Father of Indian pharmacy education.
The pharmacy education pattern was based on the instruction provided by the pharmaceutical society of “Great Britain”.
pharmacy history started in India by two parts:
- Before Independence
- After Independence.
On August 11, 1930, the government of India appointed a committee under the late “ Col. R. N. Chopra” to recognize problems in India; that committee submitted the report in 1931. In that report, there is no recognized, specialized profession of pharmacy. Some of the people, like compounders, were in the pharmacy profession.
In 1935: the pharmaceutical association was established, later on, converted into “The Indian pharmaceutical association” IPA.
At 1939: Prof. M.L Schroff (Mahadeva Lal Schroff) started “The Indian journal of pharmacy”.
At 1940: All India pharmaceutical congress was established.
At 1941: DTAB (Drug Technical Advisory Board) under this act was constituted. Central Drug Laboratory (CDL) was established at Calcutta.
At Banaras Hindu University, M.L Schroff, started a separate branch of pharmaceutical science. In that B.Sc, pharmaceutical chemistry is the principal subject, and the course time is 2 years, later on pharmaceutical chemistry, pharmacy, and pharmacognosy subjects with 3 years, that is a B-pharmacy course. 1940, Prof. Schroff started M-pharmacy education at BHU..
After 1943 Schroff left BHU, and the Birla brothers as chief chemist and research officers as appointed. His efforts earned him the position of principal of BITs – Pilani,
1947: LM college of pharmacy, Ahmadabad introduced. The pharmacy Act of 1948, prepared minimum standards of education qualification for pharmacy, practices, and the profession of pharmacy.
1948: Indian pharmacopeia committee was constituted under the Chairmanship of the Late Dr. BN Gosh.
1949: Pharmacy Council of India was established.
1954: Education regulation was introduced in some states.
Currently one needs at least a diploma in pharmacy (D pharmacy) to practice as a pharmacist. Provisions of the act are implemented by the Pharmacy Council of India.
We have today more than 6 lakhs in community pharmacy. Diploma holders largely handle the pharmacy profession.
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