History of pharmaceutical industry: The Allopathic System was introduced by British traders in India. At that time all drugs were imported from Europe, after that India began to manufacturing of drugs.
1901 Bengal chemical and pharmaceutical works at Calcutta (now Kolkata) established by Acharya PC Roy. 1903 A small factory at Bombay (Now Mumbai) was established by Prof. T.K Gujjar.
1907: Alembic chemical works at Baroda, established by Prof. T.K Gujjar.
Those days maximum drugs are exported in crude form
and imported in finished form.
1914-1920: At the time of World War-1, reduced to the importing of drugs due lack of quality and drugs were sold by unqualified persons.
1937 Govt. of India brought “Import of Drugs Bill”. later it was withdrawn.
1940 Govt. enacted the “Narcotics Bill” to control the importation, production, sale, and distribution of drugs..
1945 Drug and cosmetic act was introduced.
1955: Medical and toilet preparation act was introduced to enforce uniform duty for all states for alcohol preparations.
1985 First Edition of pharmacopoeia was published.
1985: Narcotic and psycotropic substances act was introduced for the dangers of addictive drugs. 1995: Drug (prices control) order, Govt. of India controls the drugs in India from time to time.
1995-2005 In this period, Indian pharma companies focused on manufacturing of generic drugs to expanding to global reach.
2005-2018: The 2005 patent act, abolished the process patenting system and introduced product patients. Indian pharma companies started investigating developing of own new molecule and established research and development departments.
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