An Antibiotics or an antibiotic substance is a substance produced by microorganisms, which has the capacity of inhibiting growth and even destroying other microorganisms.
Classification of Antibiotics
Antibiotic containing the beta-lactam (alpha-4 membraned cyclic amide) ring structure constitute the dominant class of agents currently employed for the chemotherapy of bacterial infections.
beta-lactam antibiotic are a broad class of antibiotic, the structure having a lactam group with a heteroatom structure consisting of the cyclic amide with 3 carbon atoms and one nitrogen atom. Beta-lactam antibiotic inhibit the growth of many gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria by interfering with the bacteria cell wall biosynthesis.
Beta lactam compound classification
- Saturated five membered ring
- Unsaturated five membered ring
- Unsaturated 6 membered ring
- beta lactam not fused with any other ring
classification of beta-lactam drugs:
Make sure check azaming article: What are Aminoglycosides Antibiotic