Generally, inflammation is classified into two types based on the defense capacity of the host and duration of response.
- Acute inflammation
- Chronic inflammation
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It is short duration and represents the early body reaction and is usually followed by healing.
Examples of diseases, conditions that can result in acute inflammation include.
- Acute bronchitis
- Sore throat from a cold or flu
- Acute sinusitis
- Acute tonsillitis
- Acute dermatitis
It is of a longer duration and it occurs either after the causative agents of acute inflammation persists for a long time. The characteristics features of chronic inflammation are present of chronic inflammatory cells such as lymphocytes, plasma cells, and macrophages.
Macrophages(phagocytic cells) derived from monocytes in a loose connective tissue wall of blood vessels, they are interacting with lymphocytes and facilitate antibody production.
Example of disease and condition with chronic inflammation:
Difference between Acute inflammation and Chronic inflammation
|Acute Inflammation||chronic inflammation|
|causative organism||harmful bacteria||non-degradable pathogens that cause persist inflammation with some type of virus|
|primary mediators||Eicosanoids||hydrolytic enzyme and reactive oxygen species|
|systemic effects||fever, leukocytosis, inflammation of lymph node.||fever, anemia, leukocytosis.|
Make sure check our amazing article: Basic mechanism involved in the process of inflammation