Classification of organic compounds

The compounds in solid, liquid or gaseous states having carbon in their molecule are known as organic compounds.

  • Inorganic compounds, one or more atoms of carbon are covalently linked to atoms of other elements most commonly H, O, or N.
  • carbon is the main element in organic compounds.
  • Organic compounds that contain only hydrogen and carbon are called hydrocarbons.

Classification of organic compounds:

  1. Acyclic (open chain)
  2. Cyclic(closed chain)
  3. Homocyclic compounds
  • Alicyclic compounds
  • Aromatic compounds
  • Benzenoid compound
  • Non-Benzenoid compound

Heterocyclic Compounds

These compounds are also known as aliphatic compounds as they have branched or straight chains.

Ex :

  • In this carbon atoms are connected to each other in a ring Ex:
  • This are special type of organic compound which contains benzene and other related compound Ex:
Also, check another amazing article on : Nomenclature of Organic compounds

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