Pathological Alkalosis

Alkalosis is excessive blood alkalinity causes by an overabundance of bicarbonate in the blood or a loss of acid from the blood. Low level of CO2 in the blood that results from rapid or deep breathing is known as respiratory alkalosis.

Alkalosis is two types:

  • Metabolic alkalosis : when the serum bicarbonate (HCO3) concentration is increase is known as metabolic alkalosis. This occurs as a consequence of a loss of H+(Hydrogen ion) from the body or a gain in HCO3 metabolic alkalosis is a PH imbalance in which body accumulate lot of alkaline substance. Such as bicarbonate and doesn’t have enough acid to neutralize the effect of alkali.
  • Respiratory alkalosis: When the carbon-dioxide level is drop below its normal range from blood is known as respiratory alkalosis. This condition produces a shift in the body’s pH balance and causes the body’s system to become more alkaline. This condition results in rapid deep breathing called Hyperventilation.

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